GUIDE FOR PACKAGING
Quality packaging is the best way to prevent damage. The choice of right packaging is fundamental for safe deliveries.
Consider that how stable and enduring your used box is. A correctly chosen box can protect your items and endure the delivery from start to finish.
Size and shape
The contents shouldn’t touch the box’s walls. Unusual or round shapes need extra attention.
Special packaging is needed if the content is liquid or powder in form.
For valuable content use extra cushion and extra layers of protection.
Thick layer of cushioning and protection is essential for fragile content.
Put clear sender and addresse information of the outside of the box.
Dampness and discolouration sensitive content should be packed in a sealable plastic container for protection.
Always use multilayered corrugated cardboard boxes. In case of fragile or heavy items, two or three layered boxes are recommended. Avoid old, overused boxes, which may not hold the content safe.
INTERNAL PACKAGING MATERIALS
Bubblewrap, airbags, cardboards, packing beads are used commonly for packaging. Each of them has their advantage, so it is important to pick the right material for our parcel.
To avoid ripping, reopening or splitting, the envelope should have some flexibility and its seal should be strong (10% bigger than the content, 15% bigger endurance than the weight of the content would need)
Not fully filled boxes can be crushed, overfilled ones can be split. This can be avoided easily, if the right box is chosen to the content.
Don’t leave empty spaces!
It is very important that the empty spaces in the box are filled in, because the content of the box can move during transit and both the content and the box can be damaged. So try to fill the empty spaces in the box to avoid problems mentioned above and make sure nothing is moving inside.
In the table below each material can be identified by their use and advantages. It is good to know that the bubble wrap is okay to fill up space, but there are much better alternatives for this role. When you chose your filling material be aware that its weight will be counted to the final weight of the parcel. Some materials can be flattened or crushed by the weight of the content, and can create emty space in the box.
Type of material
Basic Packaging Method: Protection level: +
It is great to packing fragile items (e.g. documents, electronic parts, glass parts etc.). Double layered corrugated boxes recommended, but if a single layered box is used make sure that the box is strong enough to hold its contents. Be sure that the content is put in the middle of the box and it is positioned that all sides are 6 cms from the walls of the box. If zou pack multiple items in one box make sure, that every item is packed individually and separated well. Fill all the empty spaces to avoid movement within the box. Pack by pieces and use separating walls. Separators not only good for organization, but help preventing damage, especially if the items are stacked onto each other. Small or unique items should be packed into small boxes.
Box in the Box Method: Protection level: ++
The box in the box method uses an extra larger box outside the original for extra protection. Useful if sending fragile or commodity content. Both outside and inside packing need some preparation. For the inner box the original manufacturer packaging is ideal. In any other case follow the Basic Packaging Method. Before the outside box is closed, ensure that the movement of the inner box is prevented by filling.
Liquids and powders
Many houshold liquid and powder is categorised as dangerous in the European international delivery regulations. Ensure that the liquids are packed in a non-leaking container and are protected against any damage (bubblewrap, foam sheets). It is recommended to seal the protection packaging. It is recommended to put the container into a double walled strong box, with BAsic Packaging Method. Viscous, greasy, liquids with strong odour is to be strengthened with packaging tape also. It is worth packing the container into a grease-proof paper before putting into the box. Powders and fine grained substances recommended to be put into a plastic bag, seal it and put it into a strong single wall cardboard box.
The proper sealing can increase the protection of the content significantly. Both choosing the type of the tape, and its placement can influence, that how much the content will be affected by outside forces and damage during transit. The following packaging tapes are recommended: Polypropylene tape (brown packaging tape) PVC tape (electric insulating tape) Net strengthened polypropylene tape (duct tape) Avoid: Cellotape String Plastic strin
H sealing technique Protection level: +++
The most effective sealing technique, needs only three tape piece. 1) The first one seals the central opening 2) Next two goes on each edge of the box to seal all openings 3) Heavier boxes might need two or three extra layer to hold firm 4) It is recommended to do the H technique on the bottom of the box as well
Tape around the box
Tape around the box is not recommended under 30 kg boxes (unless the item is not round itself, like a pipe, rolled up bedlinen. Smaller boxes should have enough rigidity without taping around.
SPECIAL HANDLING SIGNS
If the parcel needs extra careful handling (orientation, centre of gravity, fragility, etc.) it is handy to put signals onto the box. The right signals can help a lot in the right handling of the box, because the special handling need can be identified by a glance, and though writings can differ, symbols are universal. Drawn symbols can help a lot to the driver, who can handle the parcels much more effectively.
The following symbols are the most common:
This way up
Arrows show where the top of the box is. With this inproper positions can be avoided, not to mention the weight distribution.
The content is sensitive to extreme wetness (e.g. rain), should keep away from damp areas.
Fragile, Handle with care
The parcel should be used carefully, the content is fragile. If multiple fragile items packed together (plates, glasses, etc.) they are recommended to pack individually and well separated. It is recommended to use a double walled corrugated, rigid cardboard box to protect the content, and highly recommended to use the Box in the Box Method.
Sensitive electronic content (eg. notebook, desktop computer, monitor, tv). They can include fragile and hazardous elements. Using original packaging is highly recommended, but special packaging can be bought. TV or monitor should be cushioned on the screen (original packaging is ideal in this case), its stand should be taken off and its corners have extra cushions. Because many original packaging are not designed to endure long distance travel, it is recommended to use the Box in the Box Method. Phones and tablets Ideally the original boxes should be used, but a double cushioned jiffy bag can do a good job protecting the content. It is highly recommended labelling every parcel containing electronic goods, so the driver knows which has to be handle with extra care.
BETWEEN IRELAND, BRITAIN AND HUNGARY
Anybody who ever owned any pet (let them be a dog, cat, rodent, bird, or any other animal) knows: leaving a pet behind is one of the hardest thing to do. Especially knowing, that the pets themselves suffer being away from their owner. Because of this, many who move to Ireland and Britain decide to transport pets with them or bring them out later. Many are afraid to start doing it, because of the many of tasks for success, and rather suffer the consequences. Skinnytans would like to make the process easier by giving a list of things, what your pet needs, how they can travel and what Skinnytrans can offer you and your pet to help.
Your pet can travel into Ireland via two ways: air and land tansport (the later involves a good few hours of travel on sea). In both cases the pet travels in a box/cage and the box/cage is stored in the cargo hold. Land transport is longer, but the pets take breaks and have a walk (dogs, cats). With air transport this is not possible, but the travel time is not longer than 3 hours in case of Ireland. Because of Skinnytrans is involved in land transport, here we discuss that in detail.
Although it can be strange to some, animals need more documentation to travel than us humans. Within EU - especially in Ireland and Britain - transport of animals are strictly regulated, mainly because of health and safety reasons. Our delivery company thus tries to give any information to make the transport of your pet as smooth as possible. Our delivery company needs the following documents: - animal passport - ID microchip - veterinary records Because of complexity of the new (since 28.12.2014.) animal passports, our delivery company wants to check the documentation 1-2 weeks before the travel to avoid any confusion with inproperly filled documentation. We ask for the photographed or scanned version of the pet's passport via email so we can correct any mistakes or incorrect passages. Older passports can be used for the whole lifetime of the pet or until a certain section fills up entirely. Every dog in Ireland needs to have Dog Licence. Aquirement is easy: it is available at any local An Post office, it's €20 in 2017, for the whole lifespan of the dog is €140. The Dog licence is compulsory, if the owner cannot show the licence upon request the fine can be as high as €5000. It is recommended to aquire it as soon as possible after arrival to avoid any issue with the authorities. Of other pets the owner needs to fill a Declaration of Ownership of Moving Pets for birds, for rodents and reptiles) and have it posted to the Irish Agricultural Ministry (address: Animal Health and Welfare Division, Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Kildare Street, Dublin 2, D02 WK12, Ireland). Also it is recommended to provide a clean bill of health for the pet.
Arrival to Ireland and Britain ought to be entirely infection free. Thus it is really important to prepare well our pet for the inspections. It is mandatory to visit the veterinary before the transport. Most veterinary can easily administer most necessary injections, and can quickly implant the ID chip into our pet (to worrying owners: the chip implantation is like an injection, it is a momentary sting for the animal). The following conditions needs to be met for transport: - vaccinations administered before implantation of the ID microchip, regulated by the country of origin, indicating the period of validity (in Hungary 3 months old, in case of first vaccinated puppy or kitten 6 months, any other case is 1 full year/365 days, but in any case after the animal is at least 3 months old!) - before entrance to the destination country in the timeframe (hour and minutes are important!) of 24 – 300 hours (1-5 days) have to administer a worming substance approved by the EU against Echinococcus. Suggested worming substances: Drontal, Stronghold, Cestal. In Hungary lowest possible age for vaccination against rabies is 3 months old.
Our delivery service spends on travel 40-45 hours. This involves a 20 hours of sea travel (Cherbourg-Budapest route lasts about 20-25 hours, with safe travel conditions) as well. The pets spend large amount of this time in a locked box/cage and despite all our efforts the animals endure a great deal of stress. Although our collaegue is trained to care for the animals (pet loving and owner themselves) and does everything to comfort and relieve stress for the animal, foreign environment, long enclosure, loud noises, and the lengthy travel are very trying for the animals. All our boxes are comfortably large, well ventillated and well cushioned, so the animal is safe. Despite all, it is well worth to prepare the animal to travel in a psychological sense as well. Short trips in car, toys to play with, regularly timed feeding, less cushioned sleeping den would all contribute to a successful transport. It is reacommeded to provide the pets' favourite toys, sleeping mattress, feeding or drinking bowl or any item, which relieves their stress. Though our delivery company can provide dry food if necessary, we highly recommend, that you provide the pets' favourite food to cover the journey. Any sudden change in diet can cause diarrhea, and other problems. Please provide the collar and leash of the dog (or cat), otherwise we are unable to let them out from their box/cage for walk and breaks. If pets become aggressive while locked in, it is really important to make them get used to it and comfort them, because not only our delivery company rejects the transport, but Irish/British authorities doesn't even allow aggressive animals into the country. If necessary a person needs to travel with the pet (this would cost extra though.). Important: We cannot transport aggressive animals. We are bound by law to take breaks, to take care of them personally, but we can't do it with aggressive animals which can be dangerous for the driver.
SOME GENERAL INFORMATION FOR THE JOURNEY
The proper preparation of the animal is very important for a successful international transport.
Key factor: knowledge of the animal
Think through, what extra information can help your pet’s transport. Every bit of extra information (don’t like if his ear is scratched, scared of sudden noises, only drinks fresh tapwater) can help to treat your pet properly.
Considering, that the journey last almost two days, many owner wants to overfeed their pet. This results in the opposite, the overfed animal throws up the extra food and will be more hungry afterwards. Please feed them normally before the journey.
Please put every document into a plastic folder or wallet for the easier handling or protection.
Categorised as dangerous dog breed in Ireland: American Pitbull Terrier, English Bull Terrier, Akita Inu, Bullmastiff, Doberman Pinscher, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, German Shepherd Dog, Rhodesian Ridgeback
Snubnosed dog and cat breeds are not banned, but it is not recommended, because they breath with difficulty and the stress of the journey can cause trouble. Though our delivery service accepts these animals for travel, we recommend to reconsider it.
Regarding dogs we are only able to deliver 4 animals at once. If you want to transport more dogs, please contact us before placing an order. We can transport smaller animals (cat, bird, rodent, etc.) without previous arrangements.
Aerlingus rules regarding pet transport (English)
Regulations of the Ministry of Irish Agriculture (English)
Information page of the Veterinary Council of Hungary (Hungarian)
Travel between Ireland and Hungary (English)